Sunday, 17 February 2013

Honey Bee a significant beneficial biotic agent that indirectly elevates productivity via efficient pollination coupled with Honey

Dr. Muhammad Anjum Aqueel1,3, Dr. RashadMukhtar Balal1,2, Dr. Muhammad Adnan Shahid1,2,Bilal Ahmad1

1 University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan;
2 Cornell University, NY, USA
3 Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, U.K.

Honey bees are considered as farmer friends because they benefit farmer in so many ways. These honey bees are domesticated for purpose of honey and wax production. Honey bees are fascinating insect of order hymenoptera. Farmer domesticate them due to characteristics of these bees that they make social organization, produce sweet honey, industriousness and selflessness (produce honey and die in defending their hive). Beekeeping depends upon land availability, adequate floral resources, finances and value of honey in market. 

Honey bees farming has basically two benefits ; one is yield of honey or wax and second is pollination of crops. Honey bees collect nectar from the flowers and make honey with glandular secretions.Honey farming is a very successful and comparatively ease process. Due to their honey value and vital role in pollination, they are artificially reared. A farmer can gain 20-25 kg honey from a single colony of Apisceranawhile in case of Apisdorsataup to 50 kg of honey is gained per year. Farmer sale out his yield and fulfills his requirements. Forage honey bees visits plants to plants throughout the day to get nectar to make honey. Normally a single bee can visit 50 to 1000 flowers in one tour which takes about 30 minutes to 4 hour. The flowers of white, blue and yellow colour are more attracted by honey bees.

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